Transactional Analysis (TA)
Transactional analysis is quite different than most other approaches as it tends to be more contractual and decisional. Typically, a contract is developed by the client and clearly stated goals and a direction, which will then guide the therapeutic process.
This therapy style also focuses on decisions as well as on the capacity to make new decisions by emphasizing thinking, feeling and behaving in more appropriate and effective ways that individuals can make new decisions. This ultimately leads to clients being able to impact and alter the course of their lives. It is the responsibility of the client to determine what they want to change.
Commonly, Transactional Analysis explores three concepts within the ego (the parent, the adult and the child). Therapy tends to look at these three perspectives and how the three perspectives impact their interactions with others.
Some of the focus on therapy also explores discovering the disadvantageous conditions of the past which is made them make poor early decisions, help them adopt new life plans, alter false beliefs, rewrite scripts and analyze which ego states they are communicating and dealing with in order to both analyze the script and then rewrite it.
Within the therapeutic work therapists tend to use techniques such as structural analysis, transactional analysis, role-playing, family modeling, analysis of the games and rackets that occur within family systems as well as teach and analyze their life scripts. The concepts of transactional analysis can also be adapted to not only individual but group, marital and family therapy.