Person Centered therapy
An approach that is ultimately based on concepts from humanistic psychology. Carl Rogers was one of the key major spokespersons for the humanistic psychology movement. Commonly, the person centered approach to therapy involves nondirective counseling which is ultimately a reaction against the typical and historical directive psychoanalytic approaches that were done during individual therapy.
Person centered approaches tend to create a level of permissive and noninterventionist climate suggesting that the client knows best, rather than the counselor. Typically nondirective counselors avoid sharing a lot of personal information about themselves with clients and tend to focus more on reflecting and clarifying the verbal and nonverbal communications that clients express to them.
Generally, this humanistic approach tends to believe that people are essentially trustworthy and have a vast potential for understanding themselves while also being able to ultimately resolve their own problems when guided properly.
Generally speaking, Rogers himself did not identify that the Person centered theory was a fixed and completed approach to therapy but more of an add-on to other principles that would help individuals work through their goals. Interestingly, the therapeutic process within Person centered therapy tends to focus more on the person rather than the person’s presenting problems, ultimately helping the client grow to become stronger, ultimately, being able to better cope with problems they are facing.
Goals of Therapy
Some of the additional goals of therapy include becoming more open to experience, achieving self trust, developing an internal source of evaluation, and even being willing to continue growing in their own selves.
Commonly, specific goals are not set out the clients but that clients choose their own values and goals. The therapist, as a result, can become fully involved in the person the relationship during the therapeutic process.
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