Reality therapy was originally created by William Glasser in the 1980s. Reality therapy generally believes that individuals choose their behaviour and as a result, are responsible for not only what they are doing, but also how they think and feel.
Goals of Therapy
The ultimate goal of reality therapy is to provide the necessary support of conditions to help clients develop the psychological strength to evaluate their own behaviour and acquire more effective behaviour on the under the umbrella of a warm, accepting counselling environment.
One of the key important beliefs is that our behaviour is not caused by the environmental factors, but rather by our internal forces and choice, ultimately leading to the key focus of accountability within ourselves. Unlike RET, which utilizes thoughts, feelings and actions, Reality therapy adds in the 4th is impossible to choose a Total behaviour without choosing all of its components.
Therefore, since we can change what we are doing and/or thinking, in spite of how we might be feeling, by changing any or as many of these components as one can, we then change our emotional and physiological reactions. Ultimately, the therapeutic goals of Reality therapy are to find more effective ways of meeting the basic needs of belonging, power, freedom and/or fun.
Common therapeutic components include exploring wants, needs and perceptions of an individual, focusing on current behaviour, getting clients to evaluate their behaviour, planning, and working on commitments strategies. Unique procedures that are found in Reality therapy include: The art of skillful questioning, particular self-help procedures and Paradoxical techniques.
How Insight Can Help
Insight has several therapists trained in Reality Therapy with offices in Edmonton, Red Deer, Spruce Grove and Calgary. Please call today in order to schedule an appointment.